Lumière ! Le cinéma inventé (Lumière! Inventing the cinema) exhibition at the Grand Palais (Paris).
Creation of motorised pre-cinema interactive exhibits with a push-button starter.
These exhibits were designed based on the model of several 18th-century inventions that are referred to as « pre-cinema »: the Zoetrope, the Phenakistiscope, the Praxinoscope, and the best known of all, the Thaumatrope.